Addressing the Principal Root Cause of Forced Migration Through a Vibrant Peace Movement

It is now common knowledge, or should be, that the mass production of refugees is overwhelmingly due to wars. Astonishingly, more than half of the world’s refugees (52%) and others in need of international protection come from just three countries: Syrian Arab Republic; Ukraine; and Afghanistan.[1] In fact, 87 percent of all people who were refugees at the end of 2022 came from only 10 countries and all of them wracked by war, save Venezuela,…

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The Pedagogy of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

by James C. Simeon Associate Professor, School of Public Policy and Administration, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, York University Refugee and forced migration studies has evolved as both a multi-disciplinary and an interdisciplinary field that encompasses several disciplines including anthropology, conflict studies, demography, environmental studies, history, international studies, law, peace studies, philosophy, political economy, political science, public policy, public administration, psychology, sociology, social work, war studies, among others. Within this field of studies…

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Assessing Realistically the UNHCR’s “Supervisory Responsibility” in International Refugee Law

by James C. Simeon Associate Professor, School of Public Policy and Administration, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, York University The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees assigns the UNHCR at Article 35, Co-operation of the National Authorities with the United Nations, that states “… shall in particular facilitate its duty of supervising the application of the provisions of this Convention.” And it further specifies that States undertake to provide “… (c)…

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Ending Forced Migration as a “Weapon of War”

By James C. Simeon By the time the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee’s (UNHCR) Global Trends, Forced Displacement in 2021 was released on June 16, 2022, its figures for the previous calendar year were already outdated in a number of key respects.[1] The most obvious being Russia’s blatantly illegal full scale invasion of the Ukraine on February 24, 2022, that has resulted in some 14 million people being forcibly displaced to…

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Migration as Climate Adaptation

by Benjamin Keenan, PhD Candidate, McGill University   Anthropogenic climate change is now viewed as an existential threat that requires society to question how we live and how we can use our resources more sustainably. The increase in atmospheric CO2, from about 280 ppm prior to the Industrial Revolution (ca. 1850) to approximately 411 ppm today has led to an increase in the number and severity of extreme weather events – including extensive and frequent…

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Mutual aid amongst refugees: Evidence from Turkey and Peru, by Nicolas Parent

Nicolas Parent, PhD Candidate, Department of Geography, McGill University, winner of CARFMS 2021 student essay contest (graduate/law category), nicolas.parent@mail.mcgill.ca Over the course of four years (2015-2019) and while conducting research with refugees in Basmane (Izmir, Turkey) and Chorrillos (Lima, Peru), I came across what I believed were authentic examples of mutual aid. [1] Mutual aid, from the anti-capitalist and anarcho-communist writings of Peter Kropotkin, can be understood as the horizontal and free assembly of individuals…

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Striving to Achieve International Justice Through the Protection of Refugees: The Challenges for Greece and the European Union

Striving to Achieve International Justice Through the Protection of Refugees:  The Challenges for Greece and the European Union

by Stephanie P. Stobbe and James C. Simeon   Dr. Stephanie P. Stobbe, Associate Professor, Conflict Resolution Studies, Menno Simons College (a College of CMU) at the University of Winnipeg, s.stobbe@uwinnipeg.ca     Dr. James C. Simeon, Associate Professor, Head of McLaughlin College, and School of Public Policy and Administration, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, York University, jcsimeon@yorku.ca       International justice should be the prime objective of all of us. It…

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CARFMS Meets: IMRC!

CARFMS Meets: IMRC!

By Stephanie J. Silverman Dr. Stephanie J. Silverman is a sociolegal scholar who focuses on the tripwires of migration control. Her recent publications include articles on detainee risk assessments, administrative decision-making, Canadian quarantine powers, and a special journal issue on abolishing detention and other forms of incarceration. Her forthcoming monograph presents a new explanatory and analytic theory of the meteoric rise and normalization of immigration detention, drawing on Canada as a key case study. Contact…

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Moving Refugee Protection from Regional Divergence to International Convergence

Moving Refugee Protection from Regional Divergence to International Convergence

by Dr. James C. Simeon, Associate Professor, Head of McLaughlin College, and School of Public Policy and Administration, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, York University, jcsimeon@yorku.ca     The international refugee protection regime is highly complex, regionally based, and far from uniform. There are, for example, at least three major United Nations Agencies that deal with refugees: the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); the United Nations Relief and…

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Unpacking the knowledge-practices of the “collective self”: The Rohingya social movement in Canada

Unpacking the knowledge-practices of the “collective self”: The Rohingya social movement in Canada

by Yuriko Cowper-Smith, Ph.D. Yuriko Cowper-Smith holds a Ph.D. in Political Science and International Development from the University of Guelph. Her main research interests lie in migration, statelessness, and social movements, and her dissertation research investigates the Rohingya social movement in Canada. For three years, she has worked with this diaspora community by volunteering, organizing and attending events, and raising public awareness about the refugee crisis and genocide through her research and writing. Yuriko’s research…

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